With its origin dating back to 1870, the Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo is the oldest medical school in the country and is also the second oldest medical school in South Asia. The Department of Surgery was one of the first departments to be established in the Faculty of Medicine.

Department of Surgery has one Professor of Surgery (Chair), two Merit Professors, one Merit Professor in Anaesthesiology, two Senior Lecturers and one Lecturer in Surgery.