The Department of Pathology is involved in undergraduate and postgraduate teaching, research and diagnostic work which includes histopathology, haematology and cytology.
Since the beginning of the Faculty of Medicine-Colombo, Pathology has remained a subject in the medical curriculum.In 1941 the Department of Pathology was established as a separate unit in the second floor of the current building.
The department aims to produce medical graduates who are able to link the cause and effects of disease and to apply this knowledge in providing optimal patient care. The specialized areas of diagnostic work by the department include immunohistochemistry, prognostication of breast carcinoma, renal pathology, dermatopathology, urological pathology, soft tissue and bone tumour pathology, perinatal and fetal pathology. The department provides leadership in research, policy formulation and quality assurance in pathology.